Uganda is a hikers paradise, with a wide range of routes available including climbing to the snow capped peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains, trekking the rainforest trails of Bwindi Impenetrable forest and hiking to the peaks of the Virunga volcanoes in the south west. The country is home to three montane national parks (Mount Elgon, Mgahinga, and the Rwenzori Mountains). There are also several other parks and reserves notable for hiking and walking activities such as Bwindi Impenetrable Forest, Sipi Falls and Lake Bunyonyi.
Uganda country lies on an elevated basin between the western and eastern branches of the Great Rift Valley which forms the areas of mountains on the countries borders. The most mountainous part of Uganda in the south western highlands which lie on the Congolese border, Rwandan border. This is where you can explore the Virunga Mountains which contain several extinct and dormant volcanoes which can be hiked including Mount Muhavura (4,127m), Mount Sabyinyo (3,674m) and Mount Gahinga (3,474m). Several other volcanic mountains also exist in Uganda’s north and east including the extinct volcano, Mount Elgon. Mount Elgon is the eighth highest mountain in Africa at 4321m and has the worlds largest cauldra at 8km diameter which it is also possible to hike to.
The third highest peak in Africa, Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley is an snow capped mountain in the Rwenzori Mountain range on the Uganda / Congolese border. There are a range of trail through the mountains from day hikes to an eight day trek where you summit Margherita peak. The mountains are predominantly montane forest in the lower mountains with a wide range of plant species such as Giant Lobellias and large number of monkey, hyaxsis, chameleons and elusive montane leopards.