About Uganda

People and Culture

People: Uganda has a population of approximately 34.5 million people (2011 estimate) with the most populous city being the capital, Kampala, at 1.6 – 1.8 million (2011 estimate). The majority of the population live in the central and south western regions, the northern regions are much more sparsely populated. Uganda is home to 14 distinct… Read more »

Kikorongo traditional music and dancing. Image By UCOTA

Flora and Fauna

The Convention on Biological Diversity ranks Uganda as one of the top ten countries in the world for biodiversity. The Albertine Rift, which runs along the west of the country, is particularly known for the large number of endemic species it supports. Uganda’s vegetation is heaviest in the south and typically becomes wooded savannah in… Read more »

Chameleon in the Rwenzori Mountains. Image by Kombi Tours

Lakes and Rivers

Uganda is landlocked yet almost 25% of the country’s surface is covered by water, it’s generally watered and fertile and provides plenty of opportunity for water activities. Lake Victoria and the River Nile in particular provide opportunities geared towards thrill seekers. You can raft on white water (grade 5 rapids!), kayak or cruise to the… Read more »

The source of the River Nile. Image by Kombi Tours


Thanks to its equatorial placement, Uganda is the perfect destination for year-round travel. Rainy seasons traditionally occur in Oct/Nov and Mar/Apr. In recent years however, this has been inconsistent. The climate depends on the geographical area, Savannah generally being warm while the mountains tend towards cool. The temperature in savannah areas can vary between 22°c… Read more »

Sunset over the River Nile. Image by Kombi Tours


Uganda is a hikers paradise, with a wide range of routes available including climbing to the snow capped peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains, trekking the rainforest trails of Bwindi Impenetrable forest and hiking to the peaks of the Virunga volcanoes in the south west. The country is home to three montane national parks (Mount Elgon,… Read more »

Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley. Image by Rwenzori Trekk


We’d just love to sit and write all about Uganda’s mammals, birds and reptiles but we could be here for months and years… And we want to get you out into our parks and should of course, leave an element of surprise! So we have produced an overview instead… Mammals: The official number of mammals… Read more »

Tree climbing lion on Ishasha Plains.


Overview… Uganda’s ten national parks, managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority, cover an immense 10,918 km2 with three main varieties of habitat: savannah, forest and montane. Venture through Uganda’s diverse range of parks to seek out mammals, reptiles and birds. Explore mountains and volcanoes, track primates and predators, cruise on vast bodies of water, study… Read more »